Biological diversity (or biodiversity) is one of the key terms in conservation, encompassing the richness of life and the diverse patterns it forms.
The EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 - Our life insurance, our natural capital aims at strengthening the knowledge base to underpin policy with up-to-date scientific data and information. Within this strategy, Target 2 aims at maintaining and restoring ecosystems and their services by 2020, by establishing a green infrastructure and restoring at least 15% of degraded ecosystems. In its supporting Action 5, which targets improving the knowledge on ecosystems and their services, this action determines that “Member States, with the assistance of the Commission, will map and assess the state of ecosystems and their services in their national territory by the end of 2014, assess the economic value of such services, and promote the integration of these values into accounting and reporting systems at EU and national level by 2020”.
space4environment is actively supporting a number of projects under target 2 and 5 of the biodiversity strategy, including the mapping and assessing the state of ecosystems and their services (MAES), the identification of drivers and pressures on ecosystems and the mapping of a Green Infrastructure network.
These assessments are based on a profound knowledge of the relevant underlying data provided through the Copernicus services as well as the Habitats Directive. For the European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (ETC BD) space4environment is responsible for the quality control of the biodiversity reporting under Article 17 of the Habitats Directive (i.e. conservation status of habitats and species of Community interest), Article 12 of the Birds Directive (i.e. status and trends of birds) as well as the database on national protected sites (CDDA).